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The Working Journalists and Other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1955

The Working Journalists and Other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1955

 Bare acts 

The Working Journalists and Other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1955

The Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1955, together with the Working Journalists (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Rules 1975, covers rights of journalists like leave (including maternity) and holidays, payment of gratuity, retrenchment, hours of work, compensation for overtime and the setting-up of a wage board.

Chapter 1 (Preliminary) 1) a) Short title and commencement: 
This act may be called Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees (Conditions of service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1955.
b) It extends to the whole of India, except the state of Jammu and Kashmir. 2) Definitions: 
b) 'Newspaper' means any printed periodical work containing public news or comments on public news and includes such other class of printed periodical work as many, from time to time, be notified in this behalf by the central government in the official gazette. 
c) 'Newspaper employees' means any working journalists and includes any other person employed to do any work in or in relation to any newspaper establishment. 
d) 'Newspaper establishment' means an establishment under the control of any person or body of persons, whether incorporated or not for any production or publication of one or more newspaper or for conducting any news agency or syndicate. 
(f) 'Working journalists' means a person whose principal avocation is that of a journalist and (who is employed as such, either whole-time or part -time in, or in relation to, one or more newspaper establishment), and includes an editor, a leader writer, news-editor, sub-editor, feature-writer, copy-tester, reporter, correspondent, cartoonist, news-photographer and proof-reader, but does not include any such person who -     a) is employed mainly in a managerial or administrative capacity or 
b) being employed in a supervisory capacity, performs, either by the nature of duties attached to his office of by reasons of the power vested in him, and function mainly of a managerial nature. Back to topChapter 2 Working journalist 3) Sec 25-f of the aforesaid act, in its application to working journalist, shall be construed as in Cl.     (a) thereof, for the period of notice referred to therein in relation to the retrenchment of a workman, the following periods in relation to the retrenchment of a working journalist has been substituted, namely - 
a) six months, in case of an editor,
b) three months, in case of any other working journalists.   Termination of service without notice - effect thereof - where a journalist was permitted to continue into employment even after he has attained the age of superannuation, but later on his service were terminated without giving him notice or retrenchment compensation, it was held by the court that the action of the management of the company in terminating the services was illegal and improper. 4) Special provisions in respect of certain cases of retrenchment: 
Where at any time between July 14, 1954 and March 12, 1955, any working journalist had been retrenched, he shall be entitled to receive from employer -     a) Wages for one month at the rate to which he was entitled immediately before his retrenchment, unless he has been given one month notice in writing before such retrenchment; and 
b) Compensation which shall be equivalent to 15 days average pay for every completed years of service under that employer or any part thereof in excess of six months. 5) Payment of gratuity: 
Where a) any working journalist has been in continuous service, whether before or after the commencement of this act for not less than three years in any newspaper establishment and i) his services are terminated by the employer in relation to that newspaper establishment for any reason whatsoever, otherwise than a punishment inflicted by way of disciplinary action or 
ii) he retires from services on reaching the age of superannuation or   b) any working journalist has been in continuous service whether before or after the commencement of this act for not less than 10 years in any newspaper establishment and he voluntarily resigns on or after July 1, 1961 from services in that newspaper establishment on any ground what so ever other than on the ground of conscience or,

c) any working journalist has been in continuous service whether before or after the commencement of this act for not less than three years in any newspaper establishment and he voluntarily resigned on or after July 1, 1961, from services in that newspaper establishment on any ground whatsoever other than on the ground of conscience or 

d) any working journalist dies while he is in service in any newspaper establishment 6) Hours of work 1) Subject to any rules that may be made under this act, no working journalist shall be required or allowed to work in any newspaper establishment for more than 144 hours during any periods of four consecutive weeks, exclusive of time for meals. 
2) Every working journalist shall be allowed during any period of seven consecutive days rest for a period of not less than 24 consecutive hours, the period between 10 pm and 6 pm being included therein (Explanation - for the purpose of this section, 'week' means a period of seven days beginning at midnight on Saturday.) 
The maximum hour of work for any period of consecutive weeks is 144 hours. Back to topWorking Journalists (Conditions of Service) and Miscellaneous Provisions Rules, 1975Chapter 3 Hours of work 7) Special provisions regarding editor, etc (hours of work) -   The provision of this chapter shall not apply to editor, or to correspondents, reporters or news photographers
2) Not withstanding any thing contained in sub rule (1) the following provision shall apply to every correspondent, reporter, news photographer stationed at the place at which the newspaper (in relation to person is employed) namely     a) Subject to such agreement as may be arrived at either collectively or individually between the parties concerned, every correspondent, reporter or news photographer shall, once he enters upon duty on any day, be deemed to be on duty throughout that day till he finishes all the work assigned to him during the day.
Provided that if such correspondent, reporter or news photographer has had at his disposal for rest any interval or intervals for a total period of two hours or less between any two or more assignments of work, he shall not be on duty during such period. Provided further that where the total period of such interval or intervals exceeds two hours, he shall be deemed to be on duty during the period which is in excess of the said period of two hours. 
b) Any period of work in excess of 36 hours during any week (which shall be considered as a unit of work for the purpose of this subrule) shall be compensated by rest during the succeeding week and shall be given in one or more spells of not more than three hours each. 
Provided that where the aggregate of the excess hours worked falls short of three hours, the duration of rest shall be limited only to such excess. 8) Normal working days   The number of hours which shall constitute a normal working day for working journalists exclusive of time for meals shall exceed six hours per day in case of a day shift and five and half hours per day in case of night shift and no working journalist shall ordinarily be required or allowed to work for longer than the number of hours constituting a normal working day. 10) Compensation for overtime work When a working journalist works for more than six hours on any day in the case of day shift, and more than five and half hours in case of night shift, he shall in respect of that overtime work, be compensated in the form of hours of rest equal in number to the hours for which he has worked overtime.     Chapter 4 Holidays 13) The number of holidays in a year 
A working journalist shall be entitled to 10 holidays in a calendar year and 

15) Shall be entitled to wages on all holidays if he was on duty. 

16) A working journalist shall be entitled to wages for weekly day of rest if he was on duty. Back to topChapter 5 Leave Without prejudice to such holidays, casual leave or other kind of leave as may be prescribed, every working journalist shall be entitled to - 25)

a) Earned leave on full wages for not less than one-eleventh of the period spent on duty, provided that he shall cease to earn such leave when the earned leave due amounts to 90 days.

28) Leave on medical certificate: 1) A working journalist shall be entitled to leave on medical certificate on one-half of wages for not less than one-eighteenth of the period of service. 29) Maternity leave - 
1) A female working journalist who has put in not less than one year's service in the newspaper establishment in which she is for the time being employed shall be granted maternity leave on full wages on production of a medical certificate from an authorised medical practitioner for a period which may extend for three months from the date of its commencement or six weeks from the confinement whichever is earlier. 
2) Leave of any other may be granted in continuation of maternity leave. 
3) Maternity leave shall also be granted in case of miscarriage, including abortion, subject to the condition that the leave does not exceeds six weeks. 30) Quarantine leave - 
Quarantine leave on full wage shall be granted by newspaper establishment on the certificate of authorised medical practitioner for a period not exceeding 21 days or in exceptional circumstances, 30 days. 31) Extraordinary leave -
A working journalist who has no leave to his credit may be granted, at the discretion of newspaper establishment in which such working journalist is employed leave not due. 33) Study leave may be granted in same pattern. 34) Casual leave - 
1) A working journalist shall be eligible for casual leave at the discretion of newspaper establishment for 15 days in a calendar year. 

Setting of the wage board For the purpose of fixing or revising rates of wages in respect of working journalists, the central government shall as and when necessary constitute a wage board which shall consist of - 
a) Three persons representing employers in relation to newspaper establishments 
b) Three persons representing working journalists 
c) Four independent persons, one of whom shall be a person who is or has been a judge of high court or supreme court and who shall be appointed by the government as the chairman.   Powers of the central government to enforce recommendations of the wage board

After the receipt of the recommendations of the wage board the central government without affecting the important alternation in the character of the recommendation can modify it. 

Friday September 6, 2002

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